What is Independence Day and why do we celebrate it? In celebration of 4th of July we are going to get into a
little history of how this day came to be!
Independence Day, also known as the Fourth of July, celebrates the American colonies severing ties
with the British and the beginning of what we know now as the United States of America.
But how did America win its independence from Britain, and why do we celebrate America's freedom
on July 4?
The American Revolution- Never throw away tea, especially when it belongs to a Brit. In December
1773, an incident took place in Boston that set in motion a chain of events that led to the American
Revolution. Also known as the Boston Tea Party, 342 chests of tea belonging to the British East India
Company were thrown from ships into the Boston Harbor. It was done by American patriots disguised
as Mohawk Indians, according to Britannica Encyclopedia, to protest taxes on tea and the monopoly of
the East India Company.
In retaliation, the British Parliament put into place the Intolerable Acts, also known as the Coercive Acts,
in 1774, which closed down Boston's port, rendered the Massachusetts government useless, and gave
protections to British troops while in the American colonies.
Resentment from this enforcement resulted in the coming together of the First Continental Congress,
who met in Philadelphia in September 1774. Peyton Randolph, a Virginia representative, was elected
president. This, and the term Congress, are used today by the current U.S. governments.
This Congress wanted to reject the British rule and establish themselves as an independent group of
colonies. In October 1774, it petitioned the British crown for a redress of grievances accumulated since
1763, and to force compliance, it called for a general boycott of British goods and eventual
non-exportation of American products, except rice, to Britain or the British West Indies.
Alongside this, the colonials were rebelling against General Gage, who was put in charge by the British
after the Boston Tea Party. According to Britannica, groups such as the Sons of Liberty worked to
uncover British plans, which led to the storming of Fort William and Mary.
This was the start of the U.S. War for Independence, which didn't end until October 1781.
The Birth of the United States of America- On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress made its
decree for freedom and two days later they formally adopted the Declaration of Independence on July
4. Hence why we celebrate Independence Day on July 4 every year.